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Karnataka State Syllabus Class 8 English Poem Chapter 7 Machine
Machine Poem Questions and Answers, Notes, Summary
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C1. Look at the 1st stanza. See how a machine-made if metal goes through a process in the making. Fill in the empty boxes with the appropriate steps.
What do simple machines need to start working?
The simple machines need some water, coal and oil to start working.
Name at least five machines or mechanical devices, and write how they are useful to man.
e.g an iron box- for ironing clothes
- Air cooler – to get cool air
- Sewing machine – to sew the clothes
- Bulldozer – to construct the building and especially construction roads
- Lift – lift the goods and people
- Weighing Scale – to check the weight of things/man
What can a machine not do? [stanza 4]
A machine cannot understand lies told by people. They work according to certain fixed laws. They cannot love, show pity or forgive the wrongs.
What is the risk, if the machine is mishandled? [stanza 4]
If the machine is mishandled, it results in the death of the person who commits the mistake.
C2. Read and Write:
How are machines and human beings different? Study the last stanza and write.
The following are differences between Human beings and machines :
|1) Machines cannot|
2) It cannot love any (understand) lie.
3) It cannot show pity
4) It cannot forgive
5) It cannot do anything independently though it has power, big and heavy.
|1) Human beings can understand both truths &lie|
2) They love each other
3) They can feel pity
4) They can forgive ‘
5) Man is the crown of creation. He only invented the machine
Do you observe any rhyme scheme in each stanza? If you do, write the words that rhyme together.
mine-design, pit- fit, drive- dive, light-write, live- forgive, lie-die, eyes-size, and again- the brain.
List all the words and suggest motion.
e.g pull, jump, push, plough, run, swim and fly and dive.
Note how the words like ‘and’ are used in the poem. Also, identify other words and phrases that are repeated. What is the effect of such repetition?
- orebed and mine
- print and plough
- furnace and the pit
- weave and heat and
- wrought and hammered
- tooled and gauged
- run and jump
- haul and push
- swim and fly and dive
- left and drive
see and hear and count and read and write costs and wrought, cut and filed.
The other repeated words are love nor pity nor forgive. The effect of and, nor indicates the continuous work of the machine. They have the effect of monotony.
Machine Additional Questions and Answers
How are machines made?
Machines are made of different metals. These metals are found in the form of ore in mines. The ore is taken and is melted in furnaces and pits. The molten metal is cast in moulds. Then they are shaped and designed. They are cut, rough surfaces are smoothened and measured so that they fit into the designated slots.
List the things that machines can do.
Machines can pull, push, haul, lift, and drive. They can print, plough, weave, heat, and tight. They can run, jump, swim, fly, and dive. They can see, hear, count, read, and write.
Multiple Choice Questions
Four alternatives are given for each of the following questions/ incomplete statements. Choose the most appropriate one.
The poem ‘Machine’ is written by
A) Sir Henry Wotton
B) James Kirkup
C) Clifford Dyment
D) Rudyard Kipling
D) Rudyard Kipling
What do simple machines not need to start working, according to the poem?
For how long can the machines serve us every day?
A) twenty-four hours
B) four hours
C) twenty hours
D) sixteen hours
A) twenty-four hours
Machine Poem Summary in English
This poem is written by Rudyard Kipling, It was imagined to be recited by machines. It draws our attention to their giant strength as well as to their limitations.
The Poem deals with the problem of modern technology and machines. In the first stanza. We come to know how machines are produced. Initially, the metallic or mineral ore is dug out from the earth. Then it is melted in the furnace. It is molded and brought to the required shape by a hammer. It is measured, cut, and filed and made into the machine. There are various types of machines which can do various tasks. To do the task it needs water, coal, and oil. Once the machines are set to work, it will do the work the whole day. Machines can do the work correctly, whatever may be the work assigned to it.
It can pull and push, lift and drive. It can also print, plough, weave and produce heat and light. Machine can do all the types of work, but it cannot understand, it cannot tell a lie. It can neither love nor pity and forgive. Man should handle the machines carefully otherwise he is harmed or dead. Machines are not only useful, but they can also lead to big disasters if they are not used in the right way.
The smoke coming from the machine may cover the sky and hide God in heaven. After some time it will disappear and we could see the stars again. The machine is big, powerful, and heavy but lifeless, and operated by man only. It can’t do anything without a man. It is also invented by man.
The poem ends with the statement that ma-chines, although capable of great deeds, are still nothing more than creations of the human brain.
All Chapter KSEEB Solutions For Class 8 English
All Subject KSEEB Solutions For Class 8
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